Policy Brief: The potential of open data to impact resource allocation for poverty eradication in Kenya and Uganda

Policy Brief: The potential of open data to impact resource allocation for poverty eradication in Kenya and Uganda

Between January 2013 and May 2014, Development Initiatives and Development Research and Training were part of the Open Data in Developing Countries (ODDC) study, a multi case study initiative funded by the WWF and IDRC that sought to ascertain the impact Open Data is having in transforming developing countries. The Uganda/Kenya case study investigated Impact of Open Data on resource allocation for poverty eradication in Uganda and Kenya.

This case study was premised on the experiences of countries that have been involved in Open Data since the beginning.

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Opening Government Data through Mediation: Exploring the Roles, Practices and Strategies of Data Intermediary Organisations in India

Opening Government Data through Mediation: Exploring the Roles, Practices and Strategies of Data Intermediary Organisations in India

In early 2012, Government of India approved the first policy in the country governing proactive disclosure of government data, and especially of born-digital and digitised data. This National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy (NDSAP) extends the mandate of the Right to Information (RTI) Act to establish policy and administrative support to enable informed citizenship, better decision-making and heightened transparency and accountability.

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Briefing: Opening the Gates - Will Open Data Initiatives Make Local Goverments in the Philippines More Transparent?

Briefing: Opening the Gates - Will Open Data Initiatives Make Local Goverments in the Philippines More Transparent?

In 2011, the Department of Interior and Local Government of the Philippines mandated the implementation of the Full Disclosure Policy that requires local government units to post financial and procurement-related information on their websites. Whilst the policy does not mandate publication as open data, the information required is well suited to being published as data sets. Using a case study approach in three provinces, this project will look at how the sharing of governance information online has impacted on local government systems, and how the information and data has been accessed and used by civil society representatives and intermediary groups. The project identifies policies and processes that could support the Philippines to more fully realise an open government data agenda for local government, and identifies challenges currently faced in the supply and use of local government data.

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Briefing: Full disclosure policy is nice but not enough

Briefing: Full disclosure policy is nice but not enough

The Philippines is one of the 8 pioneering countries in the world that founded the Open Government Partnership in September 2011. The partnership calls for greater availability of government information to the public, implement standards of transparency and accountability in governments, as well as use technology for openness and accountability.

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Briefing note - Exploratory Study on the Role and Impact of Kenyan Open Data Technology Intermediaries

Briefing note - Exploratory Study on the Role and Impact of Kenyan Open Data Technology Intermediaries

This is a brief summary of the main findings from “Understanding the impacts of Kenya open data applications and services”, a one year study that iHub Research has been conducting, aspart of a two-year research program titled ‘Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries’ or, commonly referred to as, Open Data in Developing Countries (ODDC). This research program is coordinated by the World Wide Web Foundation, and funded by the Canadian International Development Research Center (IDRC)

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Open data in legislative : The case of Sao Paulo City Council

Open data in legislative : The case of Sao Paulo City Council

Open Government Data policies in Brazil are still relatively recent. The beginning Open Government Data portal came in 2011. However, according to Matheus, Ribeiro and Vaz (2012), it is possible to find a number of open data policies in national and sub-national governments across Brazil: particularly at the states and municipality level.

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Measuring open data’s impact of Brazilian national and sub-national budget transparency websites and its impacts on people’s rights

Measuring open data’s impact of Brazilian national and sub-national budget transparency websites and its impacts on people’s rights

Having to access to budget information is critical for ensuring transparency in the public sector, thus enhancing its effectiveness and accountability, Recently, a movement was launched for data to be open, that is, freely available, in a timely fashion and to any citizen. This is a new process that is still under way and whose features vary according to the country where it is taking place. In Brazil, the availability of data on public management has increased since the Access to Information Act (LAI, in its Portuguese acronym) was passed in 2011, which governs the procedures to be followed by the federated entities to ensure access to information to society

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Case study: Open data in the governance of South African higher education

Case study: Open data in the governance of South African higher education

The availability and accessibility of open data has the potential to increase transparency and accountability and, in turn, the potential to improve the governance of universities as public institutions. In addition, it is suggested that open data is likely to increase the quality, efficacy and efficiency of research and analysis of the national higher education system by providing a shared empirical base for critical interrogation and reinterpretation. The Centre for Higher Education Transformation (CHET) has developed an online, open data platform providing institutional-level data on South African higher education. However, other than anecdotal feedback, little is known about how the data is being used. Using CHET as a case study, this project studied the use of the CHET open data initiative by university planners as well as by higher education studies researchers. It did so by considering the supply of and demand for open data as well as the roles of intermediaries in the South African higher education governance ecosystem

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Emerging Impacts in Open Data in the Judiciary Branches in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay

Emerging Impacts in Open Data in the Judiciary Branches in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay

The majority of Open Government Data (OGD) initiatives around the world have focussed on the executive branches of government, exploring financial, infrastructure and administrative datasets. A smaller number have looked at legislative open data. However, open data in the judicial branch has gone relatively unexplored. In this study, CIPPEC explore the the openness of judiciary branch data and it’s impact through a comparative study across three Latin American countries. The study used a layered mixed-method exploratory design, triangulating findings from a technical assessment of data judiciary websites, interviews with key informants and field-work. The study worked through descriptive, diagnostic, analytical and prospective phases, in order to generate robust policy-relevant recommendations.

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Open Government Data for Effective Public Participation: Findings of a Case Study Research Investigating The Kenya's Open Data Initiative in Urban Slums and Rural Settlements

Open Government Data for Effective Public Participation: Findings of a Case Study Research Investigating The Kenya's Open Data Initiative in Urban Slums and Rural Settlements

In 2013, the year that Kenya Celebrated 50 years of independence, a new constitution came into force, including fundamental principles focussed on public participation and the promotion of a more open society.

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Case Study Report on Investigation of the Use of the Online National Budget of Nigeria

Case Study Report on Investigation of the Use of the Online National Budget of Nigeria

Nigeria is a county facing severe challenges from corruption and weak governance. In the last year, Open Government Data initiatives have been launched in resource-rich Edo State, soon followed by an initiative at the Federal level with the objective of driving innovation, investment and economic growth by enabling access to government data. Through opening government data these initiatives also aim to encouraging feedback, information-sharing and increased accountability.

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Open Data and Sub-national Governments: Lessons from Developing Countries

Open Data and Sub-national Governments: Lessons from Developing Countries

Open government data (OGD) as a concept is gaining currency globally due to the strong advocacy of global organisations as Open Government Partnership. In recent years, there has been increased commitment on the part of national governments to proactively disclose information.

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The Politics of Accountability and Inclusive Development: Implications for Open Governance

The Politics of Accountability and Inclusive Development: Implications for Open Governance

There has been some important work done in recent years on the politics of inclusive development, and much of this has direct implications for those of us working on open governance.  In essence the question is whether open governance is contributing to inclusive development.  The answer may intuitively seem to be a yes, but I will argue that this isn’t necessarily the case.  I’ll then suggest some ways the links between openness and inclusion can be strengthened.

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Calling Citizens, Improving the State: Pakistan’s Citizen Feedback Monitoring Program, 2008 – 2014

Calling Citizens, Improving the State: Pakistan’s Citizen Feedback Monitoring Program, 2008 – 2014

In early 2008, Zubair Bhatti, administrative head of the Jhang district in Pakistan’s Punjab province, recognized the need to reduce petty corruption in the local civil service—a problem that plagued not only Punjab but also all of Pakistan. He began to contact citizens on their cell phones to learn about the quality of the service they had received. Those spot checks became the basis for a social audit system that spanned all 36 districts in Punjab by 2014. The provincial government outsourced much of the work to a call center, which surveyed citizens about their experiences with 16 different public services. The data from that call center helped district coordination officers identify poorly performing employees and branches, thereby enhancing the capability of the government to improve service delivery. By early 2014, the province was sending about 12,000 text messages daily to check on service quality. More than 400,000 citizens provided information between the beginning of the initiative and 2014. Known as the Citizen Feedback Monitoring Program, the Punjab’s social audit system became the template for similar innovations in other provinces and federal agencies in Pakistan.

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Public access to information for development : a guide to effective implementation of right to information laws (English)

Public access to information for development : a guide to effective implementation of right to information laws (English)

With more than 100 right to information (RTI) laws also called freedom of information or access to information laws now in place globally, the groundwork has been laid to advance more transparent, accountable, and inclusive governance as a pathway to poverty reduction and economic development. This guide explores the historical development of RTI laws, the factors that drive passage and effective implementation of these laws, the operation of the laws, and the impact of these laws in different country contexts and sectors, as well as the challenges of measuring the contribution of RTI laws to development outcomes.

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The Role of Social Accountability in Improving Health Outcomes: Overview and Analysis of Selected International NGO Experiences to Advance the Field

The Role of Social Accountability in Improving Health Outcomes: Overview and Analysis of Selected International NGO Experiences to Advance the Field

The 1993 World Development Report (WDR), Investing in Health, deemed strengthening accountability as one of the core elements of health sector reform. Engaging communities and community-based workers in the process of measuring health status of children, in assessing causes of deaths, in defining high- risk groups, and in measuring changes in mortality over time will enable governments to achieve levels of under-5 mortality according to their commitments.

Models involving International NGOs that used a social accountability approach in various sectors and at different levels including community, district, and national level, were reviewed as part of this paper and are presented regarding the processes undertaken to increase accountability and improve health outcomes. This paper presents common themes, challenges, and recommendations to expand and bring this approach to scale in the context of health and development.

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